Idea > Draft > Work started > POC > Prototype

Challenge : ACT
image FoodWeb.png (44.3kB)

FoodWeb for Agroecology


image 445837102366cdd5db84d463bb71053d.jpg (2.5MB)

Problem


A food web (or food cycle) is the natural interconnection of food chains and a graphical representation (usually an image) of what-eats-what in an ecological community.

Ecosystems are increasingly manipulated for agricultural goals. Food web structures of agrosystems highly influence their agronomical performance and stability. Although it has been observed that living communities are ruling the performance of agroecosystems, these
living communities are generally ignored by agronomists who focused mainly on abiotic factors. Indeed, agronomists usually focus on the soil–plant–atmosphere continuum. Now, ecological modellers can link food web models with soil–plant models to create innovative frameworks. Here, we advocate that foodwebs must be included in simulations of production and in studies of emerging properties. We emphasize the role of trophic chains in the regulation of pests.

Agroecology (a-grō-ē-ˈkä-lə-jē) is the study of ecological processes applied to agricultural production systems. Bringing ecological principles to bear can suggest new management approaches in agroecosystems.

Idea

Build a comprenhensive FoodWeb OpenData platfrom for agroecology.

Use graph data base such as Neo4J to prototype the feasabilty of the identifying the missing species.

image Prsentation1.jpg (32.8kB)

A graph database (GDB) is a database that uses graph structures for semantic queries with nodes, edges, and properties to represent and store data. A key concept of the system is the graph (or edge or relationship). The graph relates the data items in the store to a collection of nodes and edges, the edges representing the relationships between the nodes.


Team

Olivier Rovellotti
Elise Meouchy


Papers


Food web-based simulation for agroecology
http://agents.cirad.fr/pjjimg/pierre-francois.duyck@cirad.fr/36_Tixier_et_al_2013_ASD.pdf

The network structure of food webs January 2006
In book: Ecological Networks: Linking Structure to Dynamics in Food WebsChapter : Publisher: Oxford Unviersity PressEditors : M. Pascual, J.A. Dunne
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/260833609_The_network_structure_of_food_webs

Autour de l'enquête en 2019 du NY Times sur la PAC (Politique Agricole Commune)
https://pouruneautrepac.eu/un-autre-regard-sur-la-pac-retour-sur-les-revelations-du-new-york-times/
  • > "corrélation nette entre les exploitations les plus polluantes et celles qui bénéficient le plus des aides de la PAC"
  • > nécessité d'une "triple conditionnalité des aides (environnementale, sociale et de bien-être animal)"
https://www.agriculture-strategies.eu/credo/
https://www.franceculture.fr/emissions/la-question-du-jour/detournement-des-aides-agricoles-europeennes-faut-il-renforcer-les-controles

Itw du PDG de l'INRAE (Institut national de la recherche pour l’agriculture)
https://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2020/01/27/philippe-mauguin-inrae-il-existe-des-solutions-pour-reduire-l-usage-des-pesticides-jusqu-a-60_6027354_3244.html?fbclid=IwAR13pDuB2f-FhEkUWoC1VnvXri-iuhw15X3o-Ao-2WCBRd8Hyh8odKP7Yik

Autour de la loi 2016 « pour la reconquête de la biodiversité, de la nature et des paysages »
https://reporterre.net/Biodiversite-Le-declin-se-poursuit-et-la-France-ne-fait-presque-rien?fbclid=IwAR17_BOGs9750LuDYqwS36SLR4993q9M0qWt0koLlCD0lyjLl0RgxNY0sQI

Links


http://www.vigienature.fr/fr/agriculteurs

Data

http://vlado.fmf.uni-lj.si/pub/networks/data/bio/foodweb/foodweb.htm

Software plan